7 Best Coding Languages For Kids

There’s no denying the prevalence of technology in our everyday lives. Modern society relies on computing heavily for many aspects of daily life. As we consume and use technology in an ever-growing capacity, the need for computer literacy becomes all the more critical.

Analyzing current trends and technological advancements shows that coding is rapidly becoming an essential skill. Parents and educators alike are realizing this, and coding courses for kids have skyrocketed in popularity. Teaching kids how to code is one of the best ways to prepare them for the future. The digital frontier is rapidly growing, and more job opportunities than ever require some form of programming knowledge.

One of the biggest hurdles faced by educators is how to teach coding to kids effectively. Building a solid foundation of knowledge while keeping students interested is a challenge. Choosing the correct coding language is one of the most important considerations when teaching kids. In our blog today, we’ll be going over 5 of the best coding languages for kids.

1. Scratch

Scratch is one of the most popular coding languages for kids and beginners. Primarily targeted at kids aged 8-16 years old, Scratch was created and developed by Mitchel Resnick, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, and the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at MIT Media Lab. Scratch is a block based coding language with an emphasis on being simple and intuitive. Thanks to the highly visual interface, it makes it easy for new coders to understand the basics.

Block based coding languages make it easier to learn code by simplifying things. Text-based coding is complicated. One tiny error can mean an entire program won’t work. Scanning through the lines of code looking for these minor errors is also frustrating.

Instead of writing code line-by-line, block based coding takes pre-made lines of code and incorporates them into visually represented building blocks. These building blocks can be dragged and dropped to build lines of code. Once enough blocks are connected, you’ll have a functioning program. The advantage of block based coding is that kids don’t have to worry about spelling or syntax errors. This allows them to focus more on absorbing the basics of coding and building a strong understanding.

Scratch is an excellent choice for kids because of the amount of freedom the platform allows. It allows the editing and development of animations, interactive stories, games, and more. The interface itself is clean and straightforward, and everything is clearly labeled to avoid any confusion. The freedom afforded by the platform provides kids with an excellent outlet for their creativity and expression.

Scratch also has a vast online community, with over 70 million registered users. Through this community, you can share and view projects from others. There are over 82 million shared projects on the Scratch platform. This gives your child the opportunity to interact with others and draw inspiration from their creations.

2. LUA (Roblox)

Roblox is one of the most popular free-to-play games among kids aged 7-16 years old. It also happens to be one of the most popular game-based learning platforms for teaching coding. LUA is the coding language that Roblox and Roblox Studio are based upon. It’s a beginner-friendly scripting language that introduces simple concepts to those just getting used to text-based coding. For kids who want to start with a text-based language or those who are progressing their knowledge, LUA is an excellent option.

LUA offers an easier introduction to text-based languages thanks to its simplified scripts. This helps eliminate potential syntax issues and small errors that could potentially frustrate kids. Despite being relatively simple, LUA is still a powerful and efficient coding language. Games based on LUA are often well-optimized and can run across a wide range of devices.

Roblox Studio is one of the main reasons LUA is such a good coding language for kids to learn. Kids get to learn game design alongside basic coding concepts. Kids are given the ability to create different games through Roblox-based lessons. It’s an exciting and immersive experience that leaves kids wanting to learn more. If you want to read more, check out our blog about Roblox Studio here.

LUA also has a large and active online community. You can find helpful advice, tips, feedback, and guidance from fellow coders.

3. Java (Minecraft)

Minecraft is another one of the most popular games amongst kids, with over 200 million copies sold worldwide. At its heart is the Java programming language. While not as beginner-friendly as LUA or Scratch, we still recommend Java for a few reasons. It earns its place on our list thanks to Minecraft’s popularity and effectiveness as a teaching tool.

While visually simplistic, Minecraft offers a diverse gaming experience. The level of freedom to build, explore, and create things is almost unrivaled in the gaming industry. Players can do whatever they want. Thanks to the complexity of the world, Minecraft fosters many skills that are useful for kids. These include logic, problem-solving, spatial awareness, hand-eye coordination, and resource management, to name a few.

What makes Minecraft wildly popular even today, 10 years after its initial release, is the modding community. Players can create modifications (mods) for the game using Java. Mods can change the game in different ways. From the simple addition of new weapons or materials; to complete graphical overhauls. Even custom game modes like battle-royal are possible with mods.

The journey of learning Java can be a rewarding experience. It gives kids the ability to create their own game mods for Minecraft. For kids who are genuinely passionate about Minecraft, Java offers a well-rounded option to learn coding.

4. C# (Unity)

C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft back in the year 2000. The popular gaming engine, Unity, uses C# as its primary scripting language. While not necessarily recommended for beginners, C# is similar to Java. This makes learning C# a logical step forward from Java.

Unity’s implementation of C# offers a more advanced game development application. It allows users to interact with 3D objects, as well as add various elements to these objects. Unity is an excellent tool for teaching kids coding and game development side-by-side. Popular games using the Unity engine include Beat Saber, Rust, Pokemon Go, Ori, and the Blind Forest, and Subnautica, to name a few.

Outside of gaming, C# is one of the main languages used in Windows app development. Having integrated .NET support is one of the biggest reasons for its popularity. Intuitive features and well-optimized performance further make it one of the first choices for developers creating software for the Windows OS.

Despite its relative complexity, Unity is still one of our choices for the best coding languages for kids. This is because the skills learned from C# create an excellent foundation for any future coding projects. C# is best taught to kids through gaming, and there are plenty of excellent courses that use Unity. The developers of Unity have an extensive amount of knowledge and resources available on their official website. When ready, kids should have no problem learning C#.

5. Python (CodeCombat)

CodeCombat offers an excellent game based learning curriculum that makes it easy for kids to learn coding basics. Game based learning has its benefits, as shown here. While CodeCombat offers a few coding courses, one of their most popular offerings is Python.

Designed by Guido van Rossum in the late 1980s as a successor to the ABC programming language, Python was first released in 1991. Van Rossum shouldered sole responsibility for the project as lead developer until 2018, when he took a “permanent vacation” from work on Python. Since its initial release in 1991, Python has had two major updates. Python 2.0 in 2000, and Python 3.0 in 2008.

Python is a high-level, general-purpose coding language that emphasizes readability and clarity. Popular uses for Python include software development, web dev, data analysis, and data visualization, to name a few.

One of the most popular programming languages around, Python offers a wide range of real-world uses. Its popularity stems from solid community support, built-in data structures, frameworks, and powerful libraries. For those who want rapid application development, Python is the perfect programming language for the job.

While it may seem challenging to learn, Python makes our list thanks to CodeCombat’s excellent course offerings. They take a complex language like Python and break it down into easily digestible lessons that kids can absorb. Python is consistently near the top of popularity among the programming community and is one of the best programming languages to learn for the future.

6. JavaScript (Blockly)

Google’s interpretation of block based coding is aptly named “Blockly.” Much like Scratch, Blockly offers an easy-to-understand way for kids to learn coding basics through interactive code blocks. Primarily targeted at younger kids ages 7 and up, Blockly was developed as a joint project between Google and MIT. Initial development began in 2011, with the first public release being in May of 2012.

Blockly is based on JavaScript, which is not to be confused with Java. JavaScript itself is an object-based coding language used extensively in popular web browsers like Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox. Known as the “programming language of the web,” you can find JavaScript being used in some fashion on almost every website you visit.

Thanks to its simplicity compared to Java, JavaScript is much easier to get into as a beginner. This simplicity and flexibility are also a big reason for JavaScript’s widespread use and popularity. Blockly takes this concept further and makes it easy for kids to learn the fundamental basics of JavaScript through block based coding.

JavaScript is one of the best programming languages to teach kids, thanks to its widespread use and relative simplicity. Blockly further offers an easy way for kids to learn the basic coding concepts of JavaScript in a fun and engaging environment.

7. Small Basic

Usually, kids start with block-based programming languages and then move onto text-based programming languages. The transition to text-based coding languages can be challenging, but that’s where Small Basic comes in.

Small Basic is a coding language and IDE, and is Microsoft’s simplified version of BASIC. Initially announced in 2008, Small Basic was released by Microsoft in July of 2011. It was designed to help make the transition from visual coding to text-based coding an easier experience for students.

Small Basic is an excellent choice for kids because it is a simple and easy introduction to text-based coding basics. It offers an environment where kids can slowly learn and absorb essential fundamentals in a deliberate way. It’s also a suitable option if you have kids struggling to transition to text-based coding. Overall, Microsoft did an excellent job of creating a stepping stone for students progressing to the next level of programming.

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We hope you’ve enjoyed this week’s blog post!

Dmitry Litvinov
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